He is simultaneously dependable, helping others seek, helping others outgrow their yearning to control others. A spiritual guru may engage in sex or may not. All the stuff with regards to utilizing female pleasure guru – mens sex guide was basically rendered less difficult due to the fact that the options were straightforward to discover. The verdict of our own female pleasure guru – mens sex guide review is that you simply can see the product is hardly ever useless nor is certainly there a single thing concerning female pleasure guru – mens sex guide that’s remotely pricey or of poor quality. Celibacy but indulges in sexual acts clandestinely, you can consider. Thus they are disobeying the guru's order. Making use of the methods you’ll discover can get ladies begging you for much more intercourse, and can make them prepared to try out adventurous sexual actions, regardless how conservative they may be. The second will teach you how to initiate sex with your mate in a way that she cannot resist you. There is an oprah-esque strain of feminism here too: in her manifesto, she reveres the sort of woman whose epitaph would read, "she scaled mountains, in hiking boots and in heels. Of course, the notion of female self-satisfaction is not exactly new.
Well, i’ve written out a clarification of that right here: stats explained. Assumed to be a supporter of lgbtiq rights, he referred to sexuality as a transitory tendency: gay people can become “normal or straight” and vice versa. I am talking about the types of female orgasms, all 9 of them. It’s a long-awaited smart move based on evidence. • the program is a groundbreaking discovery for you as a guy because an orgasm is not singular rather the whole intrigue has 9 phases. Of these sattvic sex, which leads. Ram, in turn, creates ram-rajya, serving the people unconditionally. The body or the soul.
Seminars, workshops and individual programmes. Marcus, a sexual dysfunction specialist at the medical center for female sexuality, counsels women who are struggling with their sex lives. To suit your needs, exactly what are the good things about female pleasure guru – men’s sex guide. As she writes in the book, the aim is to give women the "permission to enjoy the journey, rather than pushing them ever sooner to the finale. Better friends have better orgasms.
As i outlined on our about us page, payment for every single product analysed on the site is processed by clickbank. That is the reason why bobby wants to share his own experience with readers of vkool through the entire. This is a huge perk that ought to send you thirsting to get a piece of female pleasure guru. Him deceptive and avoid him. Now, in this section of my female pleasure guru review, as a future customer, you and other readers of vkool. But this idea of ghost is complex in hinduism, owing to the idea of rebirth. Another uncertainty may be just because the author is male. Today i’m looking at female pleasure guru. Balancing the academic side of onetaste is the fashionable, cosmopolitan vibe of daedone and her inner circle, a crew of supremely attractive, sensual and pristinely dressed women in their 30s and 40s.
Teaching young women to say yes to sexual pleasure. They had one or more wives and had children through them. No matter what your penis size is. Lion, peacock and other birds, deer, etc. All talk of fluidity of body and desires comes when awkward questions about queer identities and desires are raised. We promise to perform whatever is critical to deliver the information you need without notice it, to make our opinions fair and useful, also to ensure that our info is accurate.
Female pleasure guru – mens sex guide review – worst experience ever. The third is a quick guide to the domain of female orgasm with 7 tactics of evoking sexual pleasure in her and the last book will teach you how to experience multiple orgasms and have even more stamina. Perfect for men interested in improving their sex lives. Betty dodson with carlin ross. Instead, i was hoping to get a candid view at daedone ahead of the release of her book, "slow sex: the art and craft of the female orgasm," which attempts to market her meditative practice to a broader audience. Jourdain attributes the film’s “exceptionally great” reception to its universal theme of female pleasure. In jain cosmogony, the tirthankaras sit high above in the highest heaven of siddha-loka, having achieved isolation (kaivalya) from all impurities born of desire, attachment, and action (karma). Hair is a characteristic feature of mammals, commonly known as "hairy quadrupeds" - a group of animals that mark the climax of evolution. Even if she’s never orgasmed before. Gukuna — a custom that requires girls as young as 8 to elongate the lips around their inner labia to make their bodies more prone to kunyara — dusabe disarms her audience with humor and an unrelenting conviction that a lack of water “can break a couple.
And if you can follow some simple instructions then you have what it takes to apply the techniques to your life. Two audience members overcome by the intensity of the performance are silently crying. I've never taken it out. “it is a privilege to be a woman,” she says. The last point about the product is refund rate which is an sign of customer pleasure, its refund rate is remarkably lower than average and this shows that most of the users are happy with the product. We can strongly recommend female pleasure guru to you. Without sex, there is no possibility of rebirth or liberation or. Now she’s about to launch her largest women-only workshop ever, on feb. The prevailing norms of society, but to cultivate tolerance and. To sum up, this female pleasure guru program truly is amazing and i am always cautious about fraud and scams, but female pleasure guru has actually worked for good.
At cosmo we're concerned about your pleasure so control your giggles and hide your blushes as we're getting down and dirty to uncover the steamiest scenes, racy reads and pleasuring pictures you'll love and we promise it's all female friendly porn. Same as all products sold on the clickbank marketplace, your order is protected by the standard clickbank refund policy which you can view by reading the terms of conditions. Quality posting is often hard to find in this genre, but female pleasure guru truly does a fantastic work all around. Lastly, you will get the mindset of an unforgettable love. Uk and for a good reason. The initial question people normally have is – where do the statistics derive from. To it fall down to the lowest worlds.
Ustaad jee: kitabee galan naa karo jee. Her patients, many of whom are referred to her by their rabbis, have a vast spectrum of restrictions and needs. Eyebrows prevent water or perspiration from falling into eyes, due to their particular direction. Itâs impossible to find a different option to female pleasure guru. In a fascinating new york times op-ed, “when did porn become sex ed.
Indian philosophy is fine-tuned to pacify traditional middle-class guilt associated with wealth and power while amplifying guilt over all things pleasurable and desirable that can disrupt social norms. After reading the entire female pleasure guru review, if there is something difficult for you to understand clearly all about the product, you just need to let me see your questions by filling the commenting form below and wait for my replies without hesitating about anything. I have called them the buyer satisfaction (no explanation needed) and the buyer frenzy (how well this product is selling).
Female Pleasure Guru Free Download
“i am the leader of the pleasure revolution,” says thomashauer, who conducts weekly seminars at her “school of womanly arts” on the lower east side. According to the webpage’s presentation, the program is well established. Female pleasure guru, written byjack grave,is the key for her sexual satisfaction. Legend has it that while the king was off on a military excursion, the queen summoned a guard named kamagere to have sex with her. Instead of waking up in the morning to a five-minute shower and whatever dress you see first, thomashauer’s students learn to use their favorite jo malone grapefruit body scrub or put on their bounciest beyoncé and dance with abandon before leaving the house.
The positive benefits, in dutch society, are striking. Unaware to most gents, we usually think that just the momentary thrusts are enough for a woman. We have the story of bali forcibly taking away tara, the wife of. The mindset of an unforgettable love. You can love it or hate it but this is the truth of female nature. Female pleasure guru – mens sex guide scam or legit.
God is divine because of the goddess. But if someone really wants pleasure, and if they want obscene outrage more than they want contentment or safety or even happiness, the pleasure guru will have to act the minor mephistopheles and let on that the price of the real thing could be high. Strong and if you practice your spiritual goals sincerely, you do. Here is what customers said about this sexual guidebook:. 5,145 guru images and photos for you to choose from. If you want to be a love-making engine for the ladies, the female pleasure guru is among the few resources you can locate on the subject. She also will urge women to break up into small groups and do the opposite of what women typically do in small groups. Com prides itself on being made with loving couples in mind focusing on women's pleasure rather than men's. The author makes the whole scope easy to reach out for and get guru at it.
Essential part of creation and procreation. Paree _the sprite: did u ever hear about nijjaran. Jack grave writes in this kind of a way that it really captures attention and pulls viewers in. You certainly won’t learn it by asking her what she wants, nor lurking the internet and trying to figure out what are the facts and what is fiction. You don’t live one life, you live many lives.
Thus, i highly recommend female pleasure guru product and you can get it for a low price here. Okay, you’ve stumbled upon the best place to receive the true review. Alternatively you can learn these techniques from jack grave’s the female pleasure guru. In chants, it is always siya ram. The author offers the support in 24 hours per day.
Aside from hot information, you will learn 4 g-spot sex positions females expire. This guide delivers 100% money refund mechanism available to you. Sacred water, was a novice to the world of. Self discovery package is an individually tailored, personalised coaching program, designed to help you discover the wonders of your own pleasure centres at your own unique pace. Her followers are loyal — and tweet her praises. The young woman used pornography, even as she recognized all of the problems with it, to “gain some knowledge of sex.
Organs used in the intercourse to the tools and materials used in. Simba kakongi ali, a local herbalist and kunyaza guru, at his office in kigali, rwanda. In exceptional circumstances they are. The 5 strategies you must know to give any woman intense orgasms. Female pleasure guru also offers some bonus which is like a free soft drink while you get a burger and a thank you for purchasing through the following link. Both men and women have the permission to indulge in sexual. My honor and responsibility is to give readers the best writings and answers for their questions, making everything clear for them to decide whether or not they will buy a product.
If you have any additional questions, comments, concerns and/or suggestions about female pleasure guru review. (aerobic work out is energetic and sustained work out, such as jogging, swimming, and biking. Female pleasure guru – mens sex guide is a fantastic deal for the affordable price and it is a well made product that works it provides fully customer care. This guide is available and safe with the effective results. Female pleasure guru bonuslastly, let me just speak about the all important purchase bonus offer.
Com although if you're a first timer, easily embarrassed or want soft porn, you'll prob want to avoid these. Female pleasure guru – men’s sex guide summary:. Ultimately, you are reading this because you were lied to and misled about female nature and the significance of sexuality, and if you keep on getting your information from the same sources, you will be lied to in the future even more. It is neither rigid nor dogmatic nor judgmental. “we couldn’t believe the difference. Who follow an ascetic path. Often enjoyed sex with other women and celestial nymphs. Cassandra tribble, a mama gena acolyte. If you feel called to activate and explore your capability for pleasure, drop us a line here and we’ll set up a no-obligation chat to see if this is a fit for you. The film also alludes to the ongoing debate in rwandan society on whether kunyara is outdated or still essential to a couple’s well-being.
If a couple had no children for long, law books gave. When a woman comes into her medical practice not knowing what an orgasm is, dr. You guys are intelligent hope u must understand. Ustaad jee: to hell with skool it means kaur is just for school. We are more likely to envy others' pleasures than their happiness â in fact, pleasure is the only thing there is to envy.
Com also jack grave scam or legit. “if a woman wants to, she can look at the entire world as her runway. Female pleasure guru, you just need to contact him by filling the form in the support site. Today both girls and boys believe in artificial look; the true image as given by god is found to be lacking. Captivated by the beauty of earthly women, and even the wives of.
Yoniversity workshops and sessions are currently offered in australia and the united kingdom. - how to determine what drives a woman wild during sex and bring her to orgasm. Check below for 4 most useful lessons on female pleasure…. And not just on the arm. The female pleasure guru is the ultimate men’s guide by jack grave on how to give a woman multiple intense orgasms and become the kind of lover a woman never forgets. Although jourdain paints a romantic vision of the practice, “i tried to analyze without judgment,” he says. Studies show that those who report having easy, open conversations about sex with mum and/or dad are more likely to delay sexual activity, have fewer partners, and use contraceptives when they do have sex. In sikhism to cut hair is considered a sin and by doing so is called patit. Early hindus resisted this monastic model. Hanif kureishi's collected essays are published by faber.
This guide discussion about the survival of 9 different female orgasms, as well as a 4 g-spot sex position females are stunned by and many techniques on how to actually please a lady. There is no dehi, just emptiness (shunya). You have to make her addicted to you with all means available. Remain indifferent to the practices with which we may not agree. She promises a few new tricks. However, sex with women who were under the protection of.
The akash purusha, embodiment of the true self, is what is left behind – the soul or the ghost, defined in vedanta by negation (neti-neti, not this and not that). Understanding your woman’s sexual drive is key to knowing just how well to sermon her orgasms. From the location, pressure, shape, and pattern, most ladies like direct clitoral stimulation. When the british ruled india, they gave greater value to the celibate hindu monks, who reminded them of jesuit missionaries, than to libertine temple traditions where gods “get married” and go on boat rides with their lovers. Again caste discrimination, patit sikh concept generate. Stop sexual rejection – worth $29: the special approach to initiate sex so you never get rejected again. As promised, parasara removed her bad body odor.
Intercourse, except in tantric traditions. I gain this from examining the eps figure, which would be 75% of the price, subtracting the clickbank fee, if there were no refunds. He proceeded to establish a monastic order which preached that “desire is the cause of suffering”. Kaur, that every female is princess here but the sikh women do not accept this last name. On this page i’m checking out female pleasure guru. The idea that the female orgasm seems to be a big mystery that people just can not get the hang of is absolutely outdated. This, along with erotic images on temple walls, was a hindu challenge to the buddhist-jain monastic orders. Your guru can be a. It contains information about hygiene and sexual positions, and advises how not to cause havoc in a harem, how to deal with courtesans and how to behave towards "the wives of others".
Kama sutra: a guide to the art of pleasure is a compendium of advice about social and romantic behaviour, put together 1,600 years ago, for wealthy young men about town. Medicines contain confirmed to be effectual in lowering blood pressure and defensive next to the risk of aerobic and kidney (renal) illnesses. In sikhism, sex is not prohibited but it is allowed in the prescribed format of married life with loyalty. While there is no explicit talk of sex at that age, there are discussions about love, honesty, and trust. Nine types of female orgasms and how to make them happen. This custom further confirmed equality to both genders as was the tradition set by the founder of sikhism, guru nanak.
You’ll have to go straight to the female pleasure guru site (click this link:femalepleasureguru. There’s also new research about how our brain and nervous system contribute to pleasure that has only been discovered in the past decade. This feature cannot be without reason. The following is a yahoo chat with a girl who calls herself kaur but what is kaur for her:-. For some intimate sequences, jourdain filmed alone, without an interpreter. Female orgasm fast track – worth $29: the 7 emergency tactics you can use right tonight to give your woman multiple and explosive orgasm. And you’ll safely download your risk-free copy of female pleasure guru – mens sex guide from your special discount link below. But there is no actual sin in sikhism; only self improvement and belief in hukam - god's mission for us. Jack grave review (female pleasure guru).
” start your search at this independent, highly regarded sexuality education site. Do not dress to please others, dress to please your lord. It is untrue, and if you go down that path, you will forever be cursed to live a life of cuckoldry, watching as horrible people take the best girls, while you will forever be banished into obscurity in the sexual marketplace. In the shelter of the shepherd, the sheep feel secure. Not only do most young people, ages 12 to 25 years old, report “wanted and fun” first sexual experiences, when they do have sex an astounding nine out of ten dutch teens report using contraception. Still without modifications in body weight, those persons who take part in aerobic work out regularly tend to contain reductions in resting blood pressure.
Female Pleasure Guru Book
Female pleasure guru assessment – best top quality authoring. Ahalya, by tempting them with his guiles and indulging in sexual. "my job is to work within these boundaries as much as i can," she said. Summary: jack grave’s female pleasure guru is the salvage to men out there because through the female pleasure guru, he seeks to rearrange the whole boredom that cripples sex. Compared with the actual experience, words never seem to get close to the object, but stand around looking daft. Parasara, who saw her alone one day, when she was ferrying passengers. The gods of hinduism are pleasure loving, while the goddesses. We know we will die but we delude ourselves that our possessions, including our children, and our legacy and family name, will outlive us. - how to give a woman a long-lasting orgasm. Yogasutra of patanjali assumes existence of these various concentric bodies (kosha).
Sexuality field and offers a comprehensive directory of sexual health educators. Our mission at the yoniversity is to help you to create more pleasure in your life. Daedone can just as readily sound like a new age sex guru as she can an everywoman ranting to her girlfriends about frustrations in the bedroom. For a sikh born family kaur is automatically introduced to as a last name. And the longer i didn't read it, the more dreadful this famed carnival of desire and mayhem became in my imagination. This is not recognised as such in sikhi. Unacceptable such as incest, rape, adultery, and unnatural sex. Directors who know how to please divas are petra joy, anna span and liselle bailey, this trio of temptresses have a fabulous catalogue of chick-friendly films between them that get you going. There's nothing like a self-help book to make you feel a failure.
Our buyer frenzy indicatorthe simply means – how well is this product selling. Women were sold and bought in some parts of ancient. Present deeds influence future lives. - nine types of female orgasm and how to make them happen. And whereas males’ puberty is often characterized in terms of erections, ejaculation and the emergence of a near-unstoppable sex drive, females’ is defined by periods. To remove her bad odor, if only she would consent to sleep with. And let me tell you… the knowledge inside this guide has the power to change your life… forever. (bonus: scarleteen’s founder (and obos contributor) heather corinna has a book called s. It cannot be a matter of mere chance or a mistake by nature, because if the tails has been lost the hair too could have been lost.
This part of the lesson guide will let you read the signs out loud and rectify them. Laura-doe teaches a yonilates class at seven sisters festival 2016. Why then are rich industrialists, powerful politicians and bollywood stars not treated with the same disdain reserved for people demanding lgbtiq rights. Drugs - the life destructive today man takes with great pleasure. The information presented by jack grave is so easy to follow that anyone can uncover from the examples. Fear makes us cling to our sexuality and our gender, as much as it makes us cling to our caste and religion. It's an electric rose color. We are pleased to recommend female pleasure guru – men’s sex guide to any person who hopes to have a taste of stable solutions of the problems. Whether in the studio fielding questions, at a women’s day gathering in the countryside or at an all-girls’ school to underscore the importance of. Later in the story, when a commoner.
Intercourse is permitted in certain hindu traditions, such as tantra,. This ebook delves into a theme that few dare to learned, since it looks too complicated to trigger the female pleasure factors. This is the bitter red pill of the female nature, and the sooner you wake up to this, the sooner you will be able to build a perfect relationship for yourself. We hope that this short evaluation answered partially some of your questions regarding it, and we frankly wish you satisfied in the days to come. The guru tells us that we are all sinners; that is why we have had to be reborn - so apart from a very few who have come to earth to improve it, most of us are here for our own spiritual evolution or self-improvement. • the program will help you make out whether your woman is faking her orgasms and how you can rectify this. In a powerful article on why there is a critical need for this type of network, one of the co-founders writes of the shame around pleasure for women of color because of the ways in which women of color are either hyper-sexualized or seen as virginal and pure. They are, then, mostly transmitted by being forbidden, and it is this relation to prohibition that amuses and intrigues stendhal. I’ve obtained this data from the product’s website and from a publicly published clickbank data feed. It is true that keeping our erection on short leash as gents is tough.
You have to digest it yourself. Hence, hinduism rightly recognizes sexual pleasure (kama). You have to seduce her day by day so that she cannot possibly think of anyone else but you. He read widely, met with a noted rwandan anthropologist and was introduced to vestine dusabe, a charismatic rwandan sexologist and host of a nighttime talk-radio show about sex. We may also draw the following conclusions. Female pleasure guru book is a newly updated sexual guide for any man who wants to improve sex life and please a woman in bed easily and effectively. The guru becomes the shepherd and his followers give up all wolf-like and goat-like aggression and autonomy to become passive submissive sheep, ready to donate wealth and provide free service (seva) to a vast institution that the guru does not own (hence detached), but certainly enjoys (hence engaged). Talking openly and honestly with young women about sex, pleasure, and trust not only leads to healthier decision making but allows young women to feel more comfortable with their bodies and their sexual pleasure. Over the past 25 years, almost.
Female pleasure guru will tell you how to stifle this momentary lap because believe it or not, it takes more than three rounds to really get there. This book is downloadable and easy to access through your internet network, and it is really not so expensive to purchase. These basic ideas are not especially controversial; they are pretty intuitive as well as having roots in the practice of tantric sex. $2 billion has been spent on abstinence programs, with very little to show for that stunning investment. But without the lord's name, where would i find peace. You’ll find only some males who will give ladies mind-blowing several orgasms, and when you might be among them, females will certainly be lining approximately get in mattress along with you.
We see rama subjecting his wife who was in captive to a fire test. The guide can also be used by married guys who want to improve their relationship. There is no desire to control, and fix the fluid. Nevertheless you remember that when something seems too good to be true; it basically might not be everything the review claims it is. Naturally, single men will find the techniques showcased in female pleasure guru ebook as extremely useful in knowledge how to please a lady and make her keep on coming back. However, the true message of the guru has not been understood by society even today more than 500 years after these famous sacred words were said by the holy guru. The kama sutra, as a book of technique â a sexual self-help manual for the socially naive, a way for geeks to make it with girls â is fascinating, therefore, in what it omits.
However, as with other things,. Yahoo chat(ustaad singh & p. We crave name and fame and wealth and glamour as we yearn for immortality. In exchange, we want to provide you with a female pleasure guru reward. Anyone who's searched the internet for porn will know most of what you find is explicit, aggressive and comes with that nagging concern that the female actors aren't entirely happy. It does not dismiss sensations (rasa) and emotions (bhava).
Below are the shravakas, or householders, who cannot break free from the material or sensory but increase chances of liberation in a future life by serving hermits. Animals fear death of the body, hence seek food. Paree _the sprite: no for papers too. Humans fear death of identity, so cling to property, relationships and status. Faith in your spiritual aims.
The program’s instruction is clear and easy to follow. Provide acute sensory mechanism to defend the body. Through the eight fold path (astha-anga-yoga), it systematically seeks the liberation of “who we are” from “what we have”. Drinking & taking drugs they dances between girls late night in club discos. The limits you can reach out for with female pleasure guru are many, it all depends with your ability to conceptualize the author’s advice into practice. Com group for criticizing female pleasure guru as a result of all points honestly. Make the humble dress the fence. Female pleasure guru describes itself as:. All in all, the female pleasure guru is your ticket to turning out to be well-known with all the girls. By contrast, in hindu shrines, the male-female couple is in a dominant position.
" although the kama sutra doesn't take pleasure seriously enough to be wise, it is certainly a reminder of the central place of sexuality and its pleasures in our lives, and pleasures, as every parent knows, have to be both limited and passed on to the next generation. These are just a few of the techniques you need to be know from the female pleasure guru. The key indicators that your woman has faked orgasms and how to rectify it. It's jam-packed with cutting-edge information about the female body’s elegant design for pleasure, arousal and self-healing. You can make a cult of destructive pleasures, and you can devote your life to their daily deathly temptations, as many people have â "i need a danger to be safe in," writes frederick seidelcorrect. Householders have the freedom to engage in sex within as well. Buddha may have destroyed mara, the demon of desire, but shiva, who destroyed kama, the god of desire, ended up marrying kamakshi, the goddess of desire. Whatever you wear, remember the lord who has given you everything.
The practice, his friend explained, dated back more than a century, to the third dynasty of the rwandan monarchy. You can read the full details on their website here: femalepleasureguru. Ustaad jee: lai aa gaye gall. Then and only then will sexual pleasure come. Gautama of the sakya clan, disgusted by death and decay, abandoned his wife and newborn son, walked out on his palace and his kingdom, went to the forest to be a hermit and eventually became buddha, the awakened one.
The worship of female pleasure. This soul is visualised as male as vishnu and shiva, and is seen as superior to the body and the world, imagined as female as lakshmi or shakti. I also cater to personalised needs in my individual discovery sessions for men, women and couples and i have been hailed as an entertaining and informative speaker for groups. Laura-doe has supported hundreds of people to discover the delight that is our birthright. The highly coiled intestines with finger-like villi on their inner surfaces for absorption of digested food;etc. Women are not getting enough orgasms. Before long, daedone is hunched over and vigorously stroking the woman's most sensitive "spot" -- the "upper left quadrant" of the clitoris -- with just her forefinger. advocates for youth has been helping young people make informed decisions about their reproductive and sexual health since 1980. Female desire and pleasure are what daedone is all about -- to the point that many criticize her for being too women-centric. Naturally, 19th century hindu reform movements, from brahmo samaj to arya samaj, went out of their way to show “real hinduism” had nothing to do with the body, or with sex, but it was all about the soul (atma).
How will it simulate remarkable glamour in your sex life unlike before. For eg :a jatt sikh girl here lives whose proper name is paravydeep kaur nijjar, but she likes her to call paravydeep nijjer. Man never gets a turn. What distinguishes indian thought from western thought is the belief in rebirth. In 1862, sir mathew sausse, a british judge of the bombay high court, even pronounced krishna guilty of encouraging licentiousness and adultery through the performance of raas leela at the krishna temple in nathdwara, rajasthan. You will find out how to deepen the emotional bond between you and her during a sexualintercourse, which will strengthen her attachment and loyalty to you.
Com/ it is an indication of the faith that we place in the product, that the buying public places in the product and that the rest of the internet places in the program. It teaches you how to keep your sex life with her interesting and alive so that she will not consider being unfaithful, how to gain dominance among the sheets, how to master the art of foreplay, and how to give her a bursting orgasm that lasts for twenty minutes.